# Titanium.UI.View

An empty drawing surface or container

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
4.1.0

# Overview

The View is the base type for all UI widgets in Titanium.

You use the Titanium.UI.createView method or <View> Alloy element to create a View.

# Units and Coordinates

Sizes and coordinates can be specified using a variety of units. If a value is specified as a number, it is interpreted as a value in the default unit for the current system and/or the current project.

When a value is specified as string, the value can consist of:

  • A number.
  • A percentage, such as "10%", interpreted as a percentage of the parent's total size in that dimension.
  • A number plus a unit specifier, such as "10px" or "1in".

The following units are supported:

Unit Specifier Note
pixels px
density-independent pixels dip Equivalent to Apple "points."
inches in
millimeters mm Android, iOS only
centimeters cm Android, iOS only
points pt Typographical points of 1/72 of an inch. On Android, you can specify sizes and coordinates in typographical points. On other platforms, this unit is only used to specify font sizes. Not to be confused with Apple "points."

The interpretation of the density-independent pixel (DIP) varies by platform:

  • On Android, one DIP corresponds to one pixel on a 160DPI display.

  • On iOS, one DIP corresponds to one pixel on a non-Retina display, which is 163DPI for iPhone/iPod touch and 132DPI for the iPad. A DIP corresponds to 2 pixels of width or height on a Retina display.

The absolute measures, such as inches, are dependent on the device correctly reporting its density.

If no units are specified, a system-default unit is assumed. The system default unit is:

  • Pixels on Android.
  • DIPs on iOS.

On Android and iOS, the default unit can be overriden on a per-application level by setting the ti.ui.defaultunit property in tiapp.xml. For example, to use DIPs as the default on all platforms, set defaultunit to dip:

<property name="ti.ui.defaultunit" type="string">dip</property>

The value for ti.ui.defaultunit can be any of the unit specifiers defined above, or system to specify that the platform's default unit should be used.

On IOS if you set the ti.ui.defaultunit property to anything other than system or dip, your application should detect and handle Retina displays manually.

Font sizes on iOS are treated differently than other sizes: font sizes are always specified in typographical points.

For more details see:

# Size and Position

Titanium views are positioned using the left, right, top, bottom and center properties, and sized using the width and height properties. These are input properties, set by the user to specify layout, and not modified by the system to indicate actual calculated positions and sizes.

The Titanium.UI.View.height and Titanium.UI.View.width properties accept several special values:

  • Titanium.UI.FILL specifies that the view should fill the parent in this dimension.
  • Titanium.UI.SIZE specifies that the view should adjust this size to fit its contents, such as a label's text or a view's children.
  • 'auto' specifies that the view should choose either FILL or SIZE behavior. The use of auto is deprecated, and should be replaced with the SIZE or FILL constants if it is necessary to set the view's behavior explicitly.

Sizes and positions can also be specified as a percentage of the parent's size, for example, 50%.

How these properties are interpreted depends on the value of the view's layout property. See the description of the Titanium.UI.View.layout property for details.

The Titanium.UI.View.rect property is a read-only dictionary with the properties x, y, width and height. It provides the rendered size and position of the view, and is only available once both it and its ancestors have been fully drawn.

The Titanium.UI.View.size property is a read-only dictionary with the properties x, y, width and height. It provides the rendered size of the view, and is only available once both it and its ancestors have been fully drawn.

To determine whether the size and rect values are available, add an event listener for the Titanium.UI.View.postlayout event, which is fired at the end of a layout cycle.

# Accessibility

Four accessibility-related view properties are available in Titanium Mobile for iOS and Android:

The first three, accessibilityLabel, accessibilityValue and accessibilityHint, are for setting text that will be relayed to the user by the assistive service (such as TalkBack on Android or VoiceOver on iOS). On iOS, Titanium will then take these values and set the native properties of the same name which are defined in the UIAccessibilityProtocol (opens new window). On Android, Titanium takes the three values and concatenates them in the order accessibilityLabel, accessibilityValue, and accessibilityHint, and then uses the result to set the native view's contentDescription (opens new window) property.

You are not required to set all three properties: feel free to set just one or two as needed and experiment with the results by turning on VoiceOver (iOS) or TalkBack (Android) on your test device.

The fourth property, accessibilityHidden, when set to true, indicates that the view can be ignored by the assistive service. In iOS this sets the similarly-named accessibilityElementsHidden (opens new window) native property.

In Android accessibilityHidden calls the native View.setImportantForAccessibility(boolean) (opens new window) method, passing false when this property is set to true (i.e., "hidden" means it's not important). However, the native setImportantForAccessibility method is available only on devices running Android 4.1 (API level 16/Jelly Bean) or later. On earlier versions of Android, this property is ignored.

No error will occur on older devices if you set accessibilityHidden; the value will simply be ignored.

# iOS: backgroundLeftCap and backgroundTopCap properties

The Titanium.UI.View.backgroundLeftCap and Titanium.UI.View.backgroundTopCap properties are used to specify the portions of the Titanium.UI.View.backgroundImage that must not be resized when the image is streched or shrunk.

Given an image of width w and height h, the stretchable portion on the image is defined as a rectangle with the top-left point set to (backgroundLeftCap , backgroundTopCap) and the bottom-right point set to (w - backgroundLeftCap , h - backgroundTopCap). The portions not covered by the stretchable portion keep their original size and appearance.

For best results on ImageView set up the backgroundLeftCap and backgroundTopCap properties such that the stretchable portion is always a 1x1 box.

# iOS Clipping Behavior

Four view related properties are available in Titanium Mobile for iOS.

The first three, viewShadowColor, viewShadowRadius and viewShadowOffset control the shadow associated with the view. The shadow of the view is drawn using a rounded rectangle with the arc radius set to the borderRadius property.

The clipMode property lets the user control the clipping behavior of the View. Setting this to Titanium.UI.iOS.CLIP_MODE_ENABLED enforces all child views to be clipped to this views bounds. Setting this to Titanium.UI.iOS.CLIP_MODE_DISABLED allows child views to be drawn outside the bounds of this view. When set to Titanium.UI.iOS.CLIP_MODE_DEFAULT or when this property is not set, clipping behavior is defined by the following rules applied in order.

  • If the viewShadowColor is defined to be a color with alpha > 0, clipping is disabled.
  • If the borderWidth or borderRadius of the view is set to a value > 0, clipping is enabled.
  • If the view has one or more children clipping is enabled.
  • If none of the conditions are met, clipping is disabled.

In earlier versions of Titanium Mobile, views had clipping enabled by default.

# iOS Animation on shadow associated with view

If borderRadius property has multiple values, animation on shadow associated with the view will not work.

# Examples

# Round View Example

Create a rounded view.

var view = Titanium.UI.createView({
    borderRadius:10,
    backgroundColor:'red',
    width:50,
    height:50
});
window.add(view);

# Alloy XML Markup

Previous example as an Alloy view.

<Alloy>
    <View id="view" borderRadius="10" backgroundColor="red" width="50" height="50" />
</Alloy>

# Properties

# accessibilityHidden

Availability
3.0.0
3.0.0
9.2.0
accessibilityHidden :Boolean

Whether the view should be "hidden" from (i.e., ignored by) the accessibility service.

On iOS this is a direct analog of the accessibilityElementsHidden property defined in the UIAccessibility Protocol.

On Android, setting accessibilityHidden calls the native View.setImportantForAccessibility method. The native method is only available in Android 4.1 (API level 16/Jelly Bean) and later; if this property is specified on earlier versions of Android, it is ignored.

Default: false


# accessibilityHint

Availability
3.0.0
3.0.0
9.2.0
accessibilityHint :String

Briefly describes what performing an action (such as a click) on the view will do.

On iOS this is a direct analog of the accessibilityHint property defined in the UIAccessibility Protocol. On Android, it is concatenated together with accessibilityLabel and accessibilityValue in the order: accessibilityLabel, accessibilityValue, accessibilityHint. The concatenated value is then passed as the argument to the native View.setContentDescription method.

Default: null


# accessibilityLabel

Availability
3.0.0
3.0.0
9.2.0
accessibilityLabel :String

A succint label identifying the view for the device's accessibility service.

On iOS this is a direct analog of the accessibilityLabel property defined in the UIAccessibility Protocol. On Android, it is concatenated together with accessibilityValue and accessibilityHint in the order: accessibilityLabel, accessibilityValue, accessibilityHint. The concatenated value is then passed as the argument to the native View.setContentDescription method. Defaults to Title or label of the control.


# accessibilityValue

Availability
3.0.0
3.0.0
9.2.0
accessibilityValue :String

A string describing the value (if any) of the view for the device's accessibility service.

On iOS this is a direct analog of the accessibilityValue property defined in the UIAccessibility Protocol. On Android, it is concatenated together with accessibilityLabel and accessibilityHint in the order: accessibilityLabel, accessibilityValue, accessibilityHint. The concatenated value is then passed as the argument to the native View.setContentDescription method. Defaults to State or value of the control.


# anchorPoint

Availability
7.5.0
2.1.0
9.2.0
anchorPoint :Point

Coordinate of the view about which to pivot an animation.

Used on iOS only. For Android, use anchorPoint.

Anchor point is specified as a fraction of the view's size. For example, {0, 0} is at the view's top-left corner, {0.5, 0.5} at its center and {1, 1} at its bottom-right corner.

See the "Using an anchorPoint" example in Titanium.UI.Animation for a demonstration. The default is center of this view.


# animatedCenter READONLY

Availability
0.9
9.2.0
animatedCenter :Point

Current position of the view during an animation.


# backgroundColor

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
backgroundColor :String | Titanium.UI.Color

Background color of the view, as a color name or hex triplet.

For information about color values, see the "Colors" section of Titanium.UI. Defaults to Transparent.


# backgroundDisabledColor

Availability
0.9
backgroundDisabledColor :String

Disabled background color of the view, as a color name or hex triplet.

For information about color values, see the "Colors" section of Titanium.UI. Defaults to the normal background color of this view.


# backgroundDisabledImage

Availability
0.9
backgroundDisabledImage :String

Disabled background image for the view, specified as a local file path or URL.

If backgroundDisabledImage is undefined, and the normal background imagebackgroundImage is set, the normal image is used when this view is disabled.


# backgroundFocusedColor

Availability
0.9
backgroundFocusedColor :String

Focused background color of the view, as a color name or hex triplet.

For information about color values, see the "Colors" section of Titanium.UI.

For normal views, the focused color is only used if focusable is true. Defaults to the normal background color of this view.


# backgroundFocusedImage

Availability
0.9
backgroundFocusedImage :String

Focused background image for the view, specified as a local file path or URL.

For normal views, the focused background is only used if focusable is true. If backgroundFocusedImage is undefined, and the normal background image backgroundImage is set, the normal image is used when this view is focused.


# backgroundGradient

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
backgroundGradient :Gradient

A background gradient for the view.

A gradient can be defined as either linear or radial. A linear gradient varies continuously along a line between the startPoint and endPoint.

A radial gradient is interpolated between two circles, defined by startPoint and startRadius and endPoint and endRadius respectively.

The start points, end points and radius values can be defined in device units, in the view's coordinates, or as percentages of the view's size. Thus, if a view is 60 x 60, the center point of the view can be specified as:

{ x: 30, y: 30 }

Or:

{ x: '50%', y: '50%' }

When specifying multiple colors, you can specify an offset value for each color, defining how far into the gradient it takes effect. For example, the following color array specifies a gradient that goes from red to blue back to red:

colors: [ { color: 'red', offset: 0.0}, { color: 'blue', offset: 0.25 }, { color: 'red', offset: 1.0 } ]

Android's linear gradients ignores backfillStart and backfillEnd, treating them as if they are true. Android's radial gradients ignore the endPoint property. Defaults to no gradient.


# backgroundImage

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
backgroundImage :String

Background image for the view, specified as a local file path or URL.

Default behavior when backgroundImage is unspecified depends on the type of view and the platform. For generic views, no image is used. For most controls (buttons, textfields, and so on), platform-specific default images are used.


# backgroundLeftCap

Availability
0.9
9.2.0
backgroundLeftCap :Number

Size of the left end cap.

See the section on backgroundLeftCap and backgroundTopCap behavior on iOS in Titanium.UI.View.

Default: 0


# backgroundRepeat

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
backgroundRepeat :Boolean

Determines whether to tile a background across a view.

Setting this to true makes the set backgroundImage repeat across the view as a series of tiles. The tiling begins in the upper-left corner, where the upper-left corner of the background image is rendered. The image is then tiled to fill the available space of the view.

Note that setting this to true may incur performance penalties for large views or background images, as the tiling must be redone whenever a view is resized.

On iOS, the following views do not currently support tiled backgrounds:

Default: false


# backgroundSelectedColor

Availability
0.9
backgroundSelectedColor :String | Titanium.UI.Color

Selected background color of the view, as a color name or hex triplet.

For information about color values, see the "Colors" section of Titanium.UI.

focusable must be true for normal views.

Defaults to background color of this view.


# backgroundSelectedImage

Availability
0.9
backgroundSelectedImage :String

Selected background image url for the view, specified as a local file path or URL.

For normal views, the selected background is only used if focusable is true.

If backgroundSelectedImage is undefined, and the normal background image backgroundImage is set the normal image is used when this view is selected.


# backgroundTopCap

Availability
0.9
9.2.0
backgroundTopCap :Number

Size of the top end cap.

See the section on backgroundLeftCap and backgroundTopCap behavior on iOS in Titanium.UI.View.

Default: 0


# borderColor

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
borderColor :String | Titanium.UI.Color

Border color of the view, as a color name or hex triplet.

For information about color values, see the "Colors" section of Titanium.UI.

Defaults to the normal background color of this view (Android), black (iOS).


# borderRadius

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
borderRadius :Number | String | Array<Number> | Array<String>

Radius for the rounded corners of the view's border.

Each corner is rounded using an arc of a circle. Values for each corner can be specified. For example, '20px 20px' will set both left and right corners to 20px. Specifying '20px 20px 20px 20px' will set top-left, top-right, bottom-right and bottom-left corners in that order.

Default: 0


# borderWidth

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
borderWidth :Number

Border width of the view.

If borderColor is set without borderWidth, this value will be changed to 1 of the unit declared as 'ti.ui.defaultunit' in tiapp.xml descriptor.

Default: 0


# bottom

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
bottom :Number | String

View's bottom position, in platform-specific units.

This position is relative to the view's parent. Exact interpretation depends on the parent view's layout property. Can be either a float value or a dimension string (for example, '50%' or '10px').

This is an input property for specifying where the view should be positioned, and does not represent the view's calculated position.

Defaults to undefined.


# center

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
center :Point

View's center position, in the parent view's coordinates.

This is an input property for specifying where the view should be positioned, and does not represent the view's calculated position.

Defaults to undefined.


# children READONLY

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
children :Array<Titanium.UI.View>

Array of this view's child views.


# clipMode

Availability
3.3.0
9.2.0
clipMode :Number

View's clipping behavior.

Setting this to CLIP_MODE_ENABLED enforces all child views to be clipped to this views bounds. Setting this to CLIP_MODE_DISABLED allows child views to be drawn outside the bounds of this view. When set to CLIP_MODE_DEFAULT or when this property is not set, clipping behavior is inferred. See section on iOS Clipping Behavior in Titanium.UI.View.

Defaults to undefined. Behaves as if set to CLIP_MODE_DEFAULT.


# elevation

Availability
5.0.0
elevation :Number

Base elevation of the view relative to its parent in pixels.

The elevation of a view determines the appearance of its shadow. Higher elevations produce larger and softer shadows.

Note: The elevation property only works on Titanium.UI.View objects. Many Android components have a default elevation that cannot be modified. For more information, see Google design guidelines: Elevation and shadows.


# filterTouchesWhenObscured

Availability
9.3.0
filterTouchesWhenObscured :Boolean

Discards touch related events if another app's system overlay covers the view.

This is a security feature to protect an app from "tapjacking", where a malicious app can use a system overlay to intercept touch events in your app or to trick the end-user to tap on UI in your app intended for the overlay.

Setting this property to true causes touch related events (including "click") to not be fired if a system overlay overlaps the view.

Default: false


# focusable

Availability
0.9
focusable :Boolean

Whether view should be focusable while navigating with the trackball.

Default: false


# height

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
height :Number | String

View height, in platform-specific units.

Defaults to: If undefined, defaults to either FILL or SIZE depending on the view. See "View Types and Default Layout Behavior" in Transitioning to the New UI Layout System.

Can be either a float value or a dimension string (for example, '50%' or '40dp'). Can also be one of the following special values:

  • SIZE. The view should size itself to fit its contents.
  • FILL. The view should size itself to fill its parent.
  • 'auto'. Represents the default sizing behavior for a given type of view. The use of 'auto' is deprecated, and should be replaced with the SIZE or FILL constants if it is necessary to set the view's behavior explicitly.

This is an input property for specifying the view's height dimension. To determine the view's size once rendered, use the rect or size properties.

This API can be assigned the following constants:

# hiddenBehavior

Availability
6.1.0
hiddenBehavior :Number

Sets the behavior when hiding an object to release or keep the free space

If setting hiddenBehavior to HIDDEN_BEHAVIOR_GONE it will automatically release the space the view occupied. For example: in a vertical layout the views below the object will move up when you hide an object with hiddenBehavior:Titanium.UI.HIDDEN_BEHAVIOR_GONE.

Defaults to Titanium.UI.HIDDEN_BEHAVIOR_INVISIBLE.

This API can be assigned the following constants:

# horizontalMotionEffect

Availability
7.3.0
9.2.0
horizontalMotionEffect :MinMaxOptions

Adds a horizontal parallax effect to the view

Note that the parallax effect only happens by tilting the device so results can not be seen on Simulator. To clear all motion effects, use the <Titanium.UI.clearMotionEffects> method.


# horizontalWrap

Availability
2.1.0
2.1.0
9.2.0
horizontalWrap :Boolean

Determines whether the layout has wrapping behavior.

For more information, see the discussion of horizontal layout mode in the description of the layout property.

Default: true


# id

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
id :String

View's identifier.

The id property of the Ti.UI.View represents the view's identifier. The identifier string does not have to be unique. You can use this property with getViewById method.


# keepScreenOn

Availability
0.9
keepScreenOn :Boolean

Determines whether to keep the device screen on.

When true the screen will not power down. Note: enabling this feature will use more power, thereby adversely affecting run time when on battery.

Default: false


# layout

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
layout :String

Specifies how the view positions its children. One of: 'composite', 'vertical', or 'horizontal'.

There are three layout options:

  • composite (or absolute). Default layout. A child view is positioned based on its positioning properties or "pins" (top, bottom, left, right and center). If no positioning properties are specified, the child is centered.

    The child is always sized based on its width and height properties, if these are specified. If the child's height or width is not specified explicitly, it may be calculated implicitly from the positioning properties. For example, if both left and center.x are specified, they can be used to calculate the width of the child control.

    Because the size and position properties can conflict, there is a specific precedence order for the layout properties. For vertical positioning, the precedence order is: height, top, center.y, bottom.

    The following table summarizes the various combinations of properties that can be used for vertical positioning, in order from highest precedence to lowest. (For example, if height, center.y and bottom are all specified, the height and center.y values take precedence.)

    Scenario Behavior
    height & top specified Child positioned top unit from parent's top, using specified height; any center.y and bottom values are ignored.
    height & center.y specified Child positioned with center at center.y, using specified height; any bottom value is ignored.
    height & bottom specified Child positioned bottom units from parent's bottom, using specified height.
    top & center.y specified Child positioned with top edge top units from parent's top and center at center.y. Height is determined implicitly; any bottom value is ignored.
    top & bottom specified Child positioned with top edge top units from parent's top and bottom edge bottom units from parent's bottom. Height is determined implicitly.
    Only top specified Child positioned top units from parent's top, and uses the default height calculation for the view type.
    center.y and bottom specified Child positioned with center at center.y and bottom edge bottom units from parent's bottom. Height is determined implicitly.
    Only center.y specified Child positioned with center at center.y, and uses the default height calculation for the view type.
    Only bottom specified Child positioned with bottom edge bottom units from parent's bottom, and uses the default height calculation for the view type.
    height, top, center.y, and bottom unspecified Child entered vertically in the parent and uses the default height calculation for the child view type.

    Horizontal positioning works like vertical positioning, except that the precedence is width, left, center.x, right.

    For complete details on composite layout rules, see Transitioning to the New UI Layout System in the Titanium Mobile Guides.

  • vertical. Children are laid out vertically from top to bottom. The first child is laid out top units from its parent's bounding box. Each subsequent child is laid out below the previous child. The space between children is equal to the upper child's bottom value plus the lower child's top value.

    Each child is positioned horizontally as in the composite layout mode.

  • horizontal. Horizontal layouts have different behavior depending on whether wrapping is enabled. Wrapping is enabled by default (the horizontalWrap property is true).

    With wrapping behavior, the children are laid out horizontally from left to right, in rows. If a child requires more horizontal space than exists in the current row, it is wrapped to a new row. The height of each row is equal to the maximum height of the children in that row.

    Wrapping behavior is available on iOS and Android. When the horizontalWrap property is set to true, the first row is placed at the top of the parent view, and successive rows are placed below the first row. Each child is positioned vertically within its row somewhat like composite layout mode. In particular:

    • If neither top or bottom is specified, the child is centered in the row.
    • If either top or bottom is specified, the child is aligned to either the top or bottom of the row, with the specified amount of padding.
    • If both top and bottom is specified for a given child, the properties are both treated as padding.

    If the horizontalWrap property is false, the behavior is more equivalent to a vertical layout. Children are laid or horizontally from left to right in a single row. The left and right properties are used as padding between the children, and the top and bottom properties are used to position the children vertically.

    Defaults to Composite layout.


# left

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
left :Number | String

View's left position, in platform-specific units.

This position is relative to the view's parent. Exact interpretation depends on the parent view's layout property. Can be either a float value or a dimension string (for example, '50%' or '10px').

This is an input property for specifying where the view should be positioned, and does not represent the view's calculated position.

Defaults to undefined.


# opacity

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
opacity :Number

Opacity of this view, from 0.0 (transparent) to 1.0 (opaque). Defaults to 1.0 (opaque).


# overrideCurrentAnimation CREATION ONLY

Availability
3.3.0
overrideCurrentAnimation :Boolean

When on, animate call overrides current animation if applicable.

If this property is set to false, the animate call is ignored if the view is currently being animated.

Defaults to undefined but behaves as false


# previewContext

Availability
5.1.0

The preview context used in the 3D-Touch feature "Peek and Pop".

Preview context to present the "Peek and Pop" of a view. Use an configured instance of Titanium.UI.iOS.PreviewContext here.

Note: This property can only be used on devices running iOS9 or later and supporting 3D-Touch. It is ignored on older devices and can manually be checked using forceTouchSupported.


# pullBackgroundColor

Availability
3.3.0
9.2.0
pullBackgroundColor :String | Titanium.UI.Color

Background color of the wrapper view when this view is used as either pullView or headerPullView.

Defaults to undefined. Results in a light grey background color on the wrapper view.


# rect READONLY

Availability
2.0.0
2.0.0
9.2.0

The bounding box of the view relative to its parent, in system units.

The view's bounding box is defined by its size and position.

The view's size is rect.width x rect.height. The view's top-left position relative to its parent is (rect.x , rect.y).

On Android it will also return rect.absoluteX and 'rect.absoluteY' which are relative to the main window.

The correct values will only be available when layout is complete. To determine when layout is complete, add a listener for the postlayout event.


Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
right :Number | String

View's right position, in platform-specific units.

This position is relative to the view's parent. Exact interpretation depends on the parent view's layout property. Can be either a float value or a dimension string (for example, '50%' or '10px').

This is an input property for specifying where the view should be positioned, and does not represent the view's calculated position.

Defaults to undefined.


# rotation

Availability
5.4.0
rotation :Number

Clockwise 2D rotation of the view in degrees.

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# rotationX

Availability
5.4.0
rotationX :Number

Clockwise rotation of the view in degrees (x-axis).

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# rotationY

Availability
5.4.0
rotationY :Number

Clockwise rotation of the view in degrees (y-axis).

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# scaleX

Availability
5.4.0
scaleX :Number

Scaling of the view in x-axis in pixels.

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# scaleY

Availability
5.4.0
scaleY :Number

Scaling of the view in y-axis in pixels.

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# size READONLY

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
size :Dimension

The size of the view in system units.

Although property returns a Dimension dictionary, only the width and height properties are valid. The position properties--x and y--are always 0.

To find the position and size of the view, use the rect property instead.

The correct values will only be available when layout is complete. To determine when layout is complete, add a listener for the postlayout event.


# softKeyboardOnFocus

Availability
0.9
softKeyboardOnFocus :Number

Determines keyboard behavior when this view is focused. Defaults to SOFT_KEYBOARD_DEFAULT_ON_FOCUS.


# tintColor

Availability
3.1.3
9.2.0
tintColor :String | Titanium.UI.Color

The view's tintColor

This property is a direct correspondant of the tintColor property of UIView on iOS. If no value is specified, the tintColor of the View is inherited from its superview.

Default: null


# top

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
top :Number | String

The view's top position.

This position is relative to the view's parent. Exact interpretation depends on the parent view's layout property. Can be either a float value or a dimension string (for example, '50%' or '10px').

This is an input property for specifying where the view should be positioned, and does not represent the view's calculated position.


# touchEnabled

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
touchEnabled :Boolean

Determines whether view should receive touch events.

If false, will forward the events to peers.

Default: true


# touchFeedback

Availability
6.1.0
touchFeedback :Boolean

A material design visual construct that provides an instantaneous visual confirmation of touch point.

Touch feedback is only applied to a view's background. It is never applied to the view's foreground content such as a Titanium.UI.ImageView's image.

For Titanium versions older than 9.1.0, touch feedback only works if you set the backgroundColor property to a non-transparent color.

Default: false


# touchFeedbackColor

Availability
6.1.0
touchFeedbackColor :String

Optional touch feedback ripple color. This has no effect unless touchFeedback is true.

Defaults to provided theme color.


# transform

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0

Transformation matrix to apply to the view.

Android only supports Matrix2D transforms.

Default: Identity matrix


# transitionName

Availability
5.0.2
transitionName :String

A name to identify this view in activity transition.

Name should be unique in the View hierarchy.


# translationX

Availability
5.0.0
translationX :Number

Horizontal location of the view relative to its left position in pixels.

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# translationY

Availability
5.0.0
translationY :Number

Vertical location of the view relative to its top position in pixels.

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# translationZ

Availability
5.0.0
translationZ :Number

Depth of the view relative to its elevation in pixels.

Translation values are applied to the static post layout value.


# verticalMotionEffect

Availability
7.3.0
9.2.0
verticalMotionEffect :MinMaxOptions

Adds a vertical parallax effect to the view

Note that the parallax effect only happens by tilting the device so results can not be seen on Simulator. To clear all motion effects, use the <Titanium.UI.clearMotionEffects> method.


# viewShadowColor

Availability
3.3.0
9.2.0
viewShadowColor :String | Titanium.UI.Color

Determines the color of the shadow.

Defaults to undefined. Behaves as if transparent.


# viewShadowOffset

Availability
3.3.0
9.2.0
viewShadowOffset :Point

Determines the offset for the shadow of the view.

Defaults to undefined. Behaves as if set to (0,-3)


# viewShadowRadius

Availability
3.3.0
9.2.0
viewShadowRadius :Number | String

Determines the blur radius used to create the shadow.

Defaults to undefined. Behaves as if set to 3. Accepts density units as of 10.0.1.


# visible

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
visible :Boolean

Determines whether the view is visible.

Default: true


# width

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
width :Number | String

View's width, in platform-specific units.

Defaults to: If undefined, defaults to either FILL or SIZE depending on the view. See "View Types and Default Layout Behavior" in Transitioning to the New UI Layout System.

Can be either a float value or a dimension string (for example, '50%' or '40dp'). Can also be one of the following special values:

  • SIZE. The view should size itself to fit its contents.
  • FILL. The view should size itself to fill its parent.
  • 'auto'. Represents the default sizing behavior for a given type of view. The use of 'auto' is deprecated, and should be replaced with the SIZE or FILL constants if it is necessary to set the view's behavior explicitly.

This is an input property for specifying the view's width dimension. To determine the view's size once rendered, use the rect or size properties.

This API can be assigned the following constants:

# zIndex

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
zIndex :Number

Z-index stack order position, relative to other sibling views.

A view does not have a default z-index value, meaning that it is undefined by default. When this property is explicitly set, regardless of its value, it causes the view to be positioned in front of any sibling that has an undefined z-index.

Defaults to undefined.

# Methods

# add

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
add(view) void

Adds a child to this view's hierarchy.

The child view is added as the last child in this view's hierarchy.

Although all views inherit from Titanium.UI.View, not all views are capable of containing other views. In particular:

  • Some views are not designed to be containers at all.
  • Some views are special-purpose containers that can only contain certain other views.
  • Some views are top-level containers that cannot (or should not) be added to other views.

# Non-Container Views

The following views are not intended to act as containers that can hold other views:

Adding children to the these views may be supported on some platforms, but is not guaranteed to work across platforms. Where it is supported, it may not work as expected.

For maximum portability, these views should be treated as if they do not support children. Instead of adding children to these views, applications can positon other views as siblings. For example, instead of adding a button as a child of a WebView, you can add the button to the web view's parent such that it appears on top of the web view.

# Special-Purpose Containers

A few view objects act as special-purpose containers--that is, they only manage certain types of children, and many of them support a special means of adding these children, instead of the general add method. These containers include:

  • Titanium.UI.ButtonBar and Titanium.UI.iOS.TabbedBar are designed to hold their own internally-created buttons, assigned by adding strings to the "labels" array. Views added using the add method are displayed on top of these buttons.

  • Titanium.UI.Picker. Can only hold PickerRows and PickerColumns, which are added using the add method. Adding other types of views to a Picker is not supported.

  • Titanium.UI.TableView is a specialized container for TableViewSection and TableViewRow objects. These objects must be added using the properties and methods that TableView provides for adding and removing sectons and rows.

    On some platforms, it is possible to add arbitrary child views to a table view using the add method. However, this is not guaranteed to work on all platforms, and in general, should be avoided.

  • Titanium.UI.TableViewSection is a specialized container for TableViewRow objects, which are added using the add method. The add method on TableViewSection can only be used to add TableViewRow objects.

  • Titanium.UI.iOS.Toolbar is designed to hold buttons and certain other controls, added to its items array. Views added using the add method are displayed on top of the controls in the items array.

  • The Tab, TabGroup, NavigationWindow and SplitWindow objects are special containers that manage windows. These are discussed in the "Top-Level Containers" section.

# Top-Level Containers

There are certain top-level containers that are not intended to be added as the children of other views. These top-level containers include Titanium.UI.Window, Titanium.UI.iOS.SplitWindow, Titanium.UI.NavigationWindow, and Titanium.UI.TabGroup. Other types of views must be added to a top-level container in order to be displayed on screen.

The special containers Titanium.UI.NavigationWindow, Titanium.UI.iOS.SplitWindow, Titanium.UI.Tab, and Titanium.UI.TabGroup manage windows. These managed windows may be referred to as children of the container, but they are not added using the add method.

Tab is another kind of special container: it is not itself a top-level container, but can only be used within a TabGroup. You cannot add a Tab to an arbitrary container.

Parameters

Name Type Description
view Titanium.UI.View | Array<Titanium.UI.View>

View to add to this view's hierarchy.

You may pass an array of views, e.g. view.add([subview1, subview2].

Returns

Type
void

# animate

Availability
0.9
0.9
9.2.0
animate(animation[, callback]) void

Animates this view.

The Titanium.UI.Animation object or dictionary passed to this method defines the end state for the animation, the duration of the animation, and other properties.

Note that on SDKs older than 9.1.0 - if you use animate to move a view, the view's actual position is changed, but its layout properties, such as top, left, center and so on are not changed--these reflect the original values set by the user, not the actual position of the view.

As of SDK 9.1.0, the final values of the animation will be set on the view just before the complete event and/or the callback is fired.

The rect property can be used to determine the actual size and position of the view.

Parameters

Name Type Description
animation Titanium.UI.Animation | Dictionary<Titanium.UI.Animation>

Either a dictionary of animation properties or an Titanium.UI.Animation object.

callback Callback<Object>

Function to be invoked upon completion of the animation.

Returns

Type
void

# clearMotionEffects

Availability
8.2.0
9.2.0
clearMotionEffects() void

Removes all previously added motion effects.

Use this method together with <Titanium.UI.horizontalMotionEffect> and <Titanium.UI.verticalMotionEffect>.

Returns

Type
void

# convertPointToView

Availability
1.8
1.8
9.2.0
convertPointToView(point, destinationView) Point

Translates a point from this view's coordinate system to another view's coordinate system.

Returns null if either view is not in the view hierarchy.

Keep in mind that views may be removed from the view hierarchy if their window is blurred or if the view is offscreen (such as in some situations with Titanium.UI.ScrollableView).

If this view is a Titanium.UI.ScrollView, the view's x and y offsets are subtracted from the return value.

Parameters

Name Type Description
point Point

A point in this view's coordinate system.

If this argument is missing an x or y property, or the properties can not be converted into numbers, an exception will be raised.

destinationView Titanium.UI.View

View that specifies the destination coordinate system to convert to. If this argument is not a view, an exception will be raised.

Returns

Type
Point

# finishLayout DEPRECATED

Availability